Error deleting checkpoint file

One of the many tasks of being a DBA is to monitor the SQL Server. This doesn’t mean you only keep an eye on daily performance, but you need to monitor the whole process. This means you need to monitor jobs, ad-hoc queries, maintenance plans, etc. But what if you come across an error, and nothing fails…?

Finding the error
A few weeks ago I worked on a software release on my SQL Server environment, and the BI developers needed an extra copy of a database for their tests. We didn’t want to test the new functionality on the production database, but the test needed production data. So I decided to restore a backup of the database under a different name.

After a restore of the database, the developers started working on the database. After a few hours, I encountered an error myself (not related to the backup restore), and decided to check the SQL Server error log. But what I saw there was not the error I was looking for:


Error: 3634, Severity: 16, State: 2.
The operating system returned the error ‘3(failed to retrieve text for this error. Reason: 15105)’ while attempting ‘DeleteFile’ on ‘E:\Backup\RestoreCheckpointDB70.CKP’.

The actual error message can be found, by running a command prompt, and starting “net helpmsg 3” (where 3 is the error number from the message above). The actual error is:


The system cannot find the path specified.

This error occurred at the same time my restore finished. Strange… And looking at the location in the error, there was no folder called “Backup”. But then I remembered something…

The week before something went wrong with the backup process. We currently use the default maintenance plans in SQL Server, and something went wrong with the job. Because of a lack of diskspace on the machine, I cleaned up the drive were the backups were dropped. But strangely enough the drive contained 3 backup folders, of which 2 were completely empty. So without properly checking, I deleted 2 of the 3 folders. The only folder left, was the one that was referenced in the maintenance job.

Finding the source of the issue
But now, how to solve this issue. Apparently my cleanup didn’t help SQL Server, but it actually harmed it…

During my search, I found several helpful websites, that led me to this registry key:


HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL10_50.[Instance Name]\MSSQLServer

In this registry key, you’ll find the default backup location that SQL Server uses to write (for example) your checkpoint file to. And guess what… You’re right! This was one of the empty folders I deleted.

Resolving the issue
Once I knew what caused the issue, I created a new folder with the same name on the location, and added the security permissions needed. But what if you don’t want to do that, or restoring a directory isn’t possible?

There are several other ways to solve an issue like this. For example (for you gutsy ones!) you could edit the registry. No, seriously, please don’t!🙂

One of the ways to change this, is by right-clicking your instance name in SSMSS, open the server properties, and chose “Database Settings”:

Another way to change the default locations, is to right-click your instance name in SSMS, and chose “Facets”:

One of the things I’ve learned in the past, and and that I was reminded of is:

When you’re dealing with SQL Server, always check, double check, and triple check the changes you make!

So the same goes for the setting I’ve showed you above! Always check what you change, because some changes will be affected after the next service restart, or machine reboot. So if you change something, and you don’t see the effects immediately, that doesn’t mean it was a safe change!

5 Responses to Error deleting checkpoint file

  1. Pingback: SQL Server Agent Jobs Schedules – A hidden evil… | SQL from the Trenches

  2. Ryan says:

    Thanks for the sharing. It’s helpful.

  3. Channdeep Singh says:

    Thanks Jeff. I fixed this error with help of your article. Regards.

  4. davehants says:

    Many thanks Jeff, great post.

  5. Avi says:

    My team fixed error with help of your article. Thanks much!

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